To beginner: task-based fNIRS study design (1)

45 sec read

This is a guest post by Ning Liu from Stanford University.

For someone who has no imaging background and just began to use fNIRS, s/he might be surprised to find out that the imaging study design is so different with study designs in other fields. For instance, task-based imaging studies usually involve bunch of repeated stimuli. This is quite different with what we usually do in a naturalistic environment in our daily life. Why not use just one stimulus? This is due to the difficulty in detecting signal changes against a much stronger background physiological noise. Thus, in order to measure brain actives, one needs to carefully design the experiment and use some clever method to analysis the data.

For task-based study, there are two types of basic design. One is called block-design and the other event-design. It worth noticing that they have something in common — the same stimulus needs to be repeated many times, and the detected signal changes are statistically tested for significance.

Another aspect that beginners usually ignore is the design of control condition. A typical task design usually contains epochs or events of interest along with control epochs or events, such that a cognitive subtraction (for instance) can be performed and resulting in robust and reproducible results.

第十一期 fNIRS Journal Club 通知 2020/8/29,10am

北京时间2020年8月29日周六上午10点, 深圳大学成晓君助理教授将为大家讲解她去年发表的一篇用近红外超扫描揭示人际协调的神经机制的文章。同时,她还会和大家介绍如何用Granger causality分析两个信号的因果关系。欢迎大家参加并参与讨论。 她要讲的文献如下: Cheng, Pan, Hu, Hu (2019) Coordination Elicits Synchronous Brain Activity Between Co-actors: Frequency Ratio Matters Frontiers in neuroscience 13() 1071 Abstract: People...
Xu Cui
48 sec read

第十期 fNIRS Journal Club 视频

在2020/7/25日, 北京航空航天大学的汪待发副教授讲解了他发表的一篇BCI文章。视频如下: Youtube:https://youtu.be/gAQQrmbWSOcYouku:https://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XNDc2OTAxNzkzMg==.html
Xu Cui
4 sec read

第十期 fNIRS Journal Club 通知 2020/7/25,10am

北京时间2020年7月25日周六上午10点,北京航空航天大学的汪待发副教授,博士生导师,将为大家讲解他们组去年发表的一篇脑机交互(BCI)的近红外文章。欢迎大家参加并参与讨论。 他要讲的文献如下:Y. Zheng,D. Zhang, L. Wang, Y. Wang, H. Deng, S. Zhang, D. Li, D. Wang, “Resting-State-Based Spatial Filtering for an fNIRS-Based Motor Imagery...
Xu Cui
1 min read

One Reply to “To beginner: task-based fNIRS study design (1)”

  1. Hi!
    I am a begginer in fNIRs field. Currently, I am doing my bachelors’s thesis with a fnirs equipmet but I do not have a extend knowledge in the field.A fter read bibliogrphy for a while and try some toolbox I think could carry out a preprossing in my fnir signal Althoug, I want to start replicating a simple task.

    I though in try a finger tapping with a design block: 180 (s) base line/ 15-20 (s) task/ 30(s) period. T

    * I would ask if it is a good design prove to star to familiarize with the fnir preprosessing.
    * Do you know papers where replicate a similar experiment to check if my results are correctly.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *